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Articolele zilei - Articles of the day

Black pudding is a type of sausage made by cooking blood with a filler—often meat, fat, or bread—until it is thick enough to congeal when cooled. Called blood sausage in North America, the dish is prepared in many different ways throughout the world, often using pig or cattle blood. It can be eaten uncooked but is often grilled or boiled in its skin. Black pudding is usually served as part of a traditional full breakfast in the United Kingdom and Ireland, along with white pudding, which is what? Discuss
Affecting approximately 15 percent of all childbearing women, postnatal, or postpartum, depression is a psychiatric condition characterized by symptoms that range from mild "baby blues" to depressive psychosis. Typically developing in the days and weeks after a woman gives birth, the condition is thought to be influenced by both neurochemical and psychological factors, including hormonal changes and the stress of caring for a newborn infant. Can men suffer from postnatal depression? Discuss
Though she is perhaps best known for her affair with the future tsar Nicholas II, Mathilde Kschessinska was actually the first Russian prima ballerina assoluta. She earned the title—the highest possible rank for a ballerina—in 1896, at the age of 24. She was kind to colleagues but was said to be ruthless with her rivals and was known to use her connections with the tsar to her advantage. What was she rumored to have done during a fellow ballerina's performance that featured live chickens? Discuss
Regarded as an enduring symbol of ancient Greece, the Parthenon is the chief temple of the Greek goddess Athena, built in the 5th century BCE on the Acropolis of Athens. One of the world's greatest cultural monuments, the white marble temple is considered the culmination of the Doric order of classical architecture. It features 46 outer columns and once boasted a continuous band of sculpture that encircled the structure. What caused the explosion that heavily damaged the Parthenon in 1687? Discuss
Secondhand smoke is cigarette, cigar, or pipe smoke that is inhaled unintentionally by nonsmokers. The amount of such smoke inhaled by a nonsmoker is relatively small when compared to the amount inhaled by a tobacco user; however, so-called passive smoking can aggravate respiratory illnesses and contribute to serious diseases, including cancer. This danger has led many countries to adopt smoking bans in indoor spaces. How has the tobacco industry responded to the issue of secondhand smoke? Discuss
It is not known when the potter's wheel first came into use, but experts suggest it was developed between about 6,000 BCE and 2,400 BCE. Many modern scholars suggest that it was first developed in Mesopotamia, although Egypt and China are also possible places of origin. The device enables potters to utilize the energy stored in the wheel and direct it specifically to the point of contact between the clay and hands. What term is used to refer to the forming of a vessel on a potter's wheel? Discuss
Charles-Michel de l'Épée was born to a wealthy French family in 1712. He trained to be a Catholic priest but was denied ordination and went on to study law before returning to the Church. A chance encounter with two deaf sisters who communicated using a signed language inspired Épée to dedicate himself to the education and salvation of the deaf. In the 1750s, he founded a shelter that eventually became the world's first free school for the deaf. What are some criticisms of his signing system? Discuss
Since Henry David Thoreau first recorded the details of his encounter with a "winged cat" in 1842, there have been over 138 reported sightings of such creatures. Some explain the phenomenon as the result of improper grooming, which can lead cats to develop winglike mats of fur, but there are also a few medical conditions that can give cats a winged appearance. One is feline cutaneous asthenia, a skin deformity characterized by abnormal elasticity and stretching of the skin. What is the other? Discuss
When Lubang Island in the Philippines was reclaimed by the Allies at the end of World War II, Japanese army officer Hiroo Onoda hid in the dense jungle and refused to surrender. He remained there for 29 years, dismissing all attempts to convince him of the war's end as ruses. Later found by a Japanese student, Onoda refused to surrender unless given the order by his superior officer, who was then flown to Lubang by the Japanese government to do so. What happened then? Discuss
People can and do die of laughter. The 3rd century BCE philosopher Chrysippus, for example, is said to have laughed himself to death while watching the antics of a drunken donkey. In 1410, Martin I of Aragon succumbed to a combination of indigestion and uncontrollable laughter. More recently, a UK man died of heart failure after laughing for 25 minutes at a TV show featuring a Scotsman in a kilt battling a vicious black pudding. What other historical figures have died from laughter? Discuss
Baudelaire was a 19th-century French poet and critic. The only volume of his poems published in his lifetime, Les Fleurs du mal, translated as The Flowers of Evil, was initially condemned as obscene. Later accepted as a masterpiece, the book is recognized for the brilliant phrasing, rhythm, and expressiveness of its lyrics. Baudelaire also translated many of Poe's works, bringing them to the attention of the French public. What literary movement is he credited with helping develop? Discuss
Brú na Bóinne is a complex of Neolithic chamber tombs, standing stones, henges, and prehistoric enclosures located at a wide bend in the River Boyne in Ireland. Among its most well-known sections are the passage graves of Newgrange, Knowth, and Dowth, which possess significant collections of megalithic art. A World Heritage site, it was also used for Iron Age burials and was eventually settled by the Normans in the Middle Ages. How old are some of the tombs? Discuss
A fat tax, also known as "Twinkie tax," "junk food tax," and "snack tax," is a tax on calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods. The concept was pioneered in the early 1980s by Kelly D. Brownell, PhD, who proposed that revenue from such a tax be used to subsidize more healthful foods and fund nutrition campaigns. Proponents believe that the increased cost of junk food might also deter buyers and thereby curb consumption. Where have fat taxes been introduced? Discuss
Piccadilly Circus is a famous road junction and public space in London. Built in 1819 to connect Regent Street with the major shopping street of Piccadilly, the "great thoroughfare," as Charles Dickens called it, has since become a popular meeting place and tourist destination. In the late 19th century, a commemorative fountain was erected there featuring a nude, winged figure often mistakenly identified as Eros, the Greek god of love. Who did the sculptor actually intend to depict? Discuss
The ancient belief in lycanthropy, the magical ability of a human to assume the form and characteristics of a wolf, still exists in many parts of the world. In the Middle Ages, the church went so far as to condemn lycanthropy as a form of sorcery and often ruthlessly punished suspected offenders. One of the most widely held superstitions relating to lycanthropy is the belief in the werewolf. According to folk beliefs, what are the various methods for becoming a werewolf? Discuss
A team sport that combines elements of basketball, jai alai, lacrosse, and bumper cars, whirlyball was first developed in Salt Lake City, Utah, in the early 1960s. Whirlyball players ride in small, crank-steered electric vehicles known as "Whirlybugs" and score points for their team by shooting a Wiffle Ball at the opposing team's target. Further complicating matters is the fact that players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands and must pass, catch, and shoot using what? Discuss
The idea that a slice of fresh lemon could taste sweet may seem ludicrous, but the berry of the Synsepalum dulcificum plant, also known as miracle fruit, can make that a reality. When eaten, the small red berry releases a glycoprotein called miraculin, which binds to the tongue's taste buds and makes bitter and sour foods consumed over the next few hours taste sweet. Researchers are working to develop a miracle fruit sweetener that could benefit people suffering from what disorder? Discuss
Though the modern unicorn is usually depicted as a majestic white horse with one long horn growing from its forehead, traditional imagery also includes a billy goat beard, lion's tail, and cloven hooves. It was highly sought after in the middle ages for its horn, which was believed to neutralize poison, and for its milk, which was thought to be an aphrodisiac. Unicorns appear in the mythology of many ancient cultures, and a unicorn-like creature is mentioned in what books of the Hebrew Bible? Discuss
Lizards, frogs, lampreys, and some fish species possess a unique organ known as a third, or parietal, eye. Though referred to as an "eye," this photoreceptive organ does not "see" in the same way that a standard eye does. Instead, it uses a different biochemical method of detecting light than normal eyes and helps regulate circadian rhythms and hormone production for thermoregulation. The parietal eye is associated with what gland that humans, too, possess? Discuss
Famous for their door-to-door evangelizing, Jehovah's Witnesses are members of an international religious movement founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, by Charles T. Russell in 1872. The group's beliefs are based primarily on the apocalyptic portions of the Bible, and their primary goal is the establishment of God's kingdom on Earth. Several of their beliefs are controversial; members refrain from performing military service or saluting the flag, and they refuse what type of medical procedure? Discuss
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